Uniform Series Cash Flow (the same california lottery ticket winning numbers payment amount A from t1 to tn) Fig.

Number of deliveries 1,250 11 Final sale of vehicle 2,300 12 Profit on each sale 5 13 Interest rate 5 Example A firm is considering whether or not to invest in a new van and driver to replace its current use of a courier company.Project NPV, the cash flow used to calculate the NPV would be the future operational cash flows of the project, less initial project capital costs.The discounting principle states that if we want to have F in n years, we need to invest P right now.Hire a Freelancer, choose from 2,000 professionals ready to do the work for you.Tax payments, project management expenses, any other outflow caused by accepting the project.NPV 0: A project with negative value should probably be dropped.Cost of new van 14,500 4, fuel 1,600 5, maintenance variable 6, depreciation n/a 7, driver 16,200 8, new sales (deliveries) 125 9, courier charge per delivery.NPV 0: Theoretically, the project should be accepted; or, if there is a choice between two mutually exclusive projects, then the one which has the higher NPV should be selected.Using the range I17:I23).Xnpv and NPV are then used to calculate the project NPV and equity NPV.Discount Factors for Continuous Compounding Continuous compounding is not exactly the same as daily compounding.Screenshot 2: Checking the NPV calculation.The project NPV and equity NPV are both calculated.Many text book examples show the investment occurring immediately (i.e.Thus, to calculate the NPV, the monthly construction cash flow needs to be summed-up to annual cash flow to allow the NPV calculation.E25IRR(I17:I23,.04) IRR(cash flow values, guessed discount rate ) The guessed discount rate is an optional argument and not normally required.Target rate of return, a firms wacc (after tax) is often used in the calculation, although some might think it is appropriate to use higher discount rates to adjust for risk of riskier projects.

To convert the future value to the equivalent present value, you simply multiple the future value by the discount factor.

Present Value ( single payment cash flow at t0 fig.